Research of Temporal Variations of the
Cosmo-Terrestrial Field, 1991–1999
by V.N. Lugovenko, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
English translation edited by Carol Hiltner
See also the Spirit of Ma’at article, “The Breathing of the Earth,”
IntroductionMany scientists already understand that Earth and the entire solar system are a living organism, and the interactions inside this organism, between its inhabitants, are determined in many respects by the existence of a subtle cosmo-terrestrial substance.[1–4] This was very clearly stated at a working meeting in St.Petersburg in 1998.
Our group (geophysicists in the Troitsk/Moscow region) has researched this phenomenon for nine years.[6–15] We cooperate with the scientists in Bulgaria and India. Dr. Prabhad Poddar, director of the Sri Aurobindo Institute in India, reported on this research (1995–1996) as follows:
“The intensity of Earth’s radiation varies from day to day, both in the daytime and nighttime. It is different for each day of the week, but the same for the respective weekday in consecutive weeks. This therefore follows a weekly cycle!
“Professor Lugovenko calls these changes in Earth’s radiation field the “Breath of Earth,” a very beautiful and apt description to show that Earth is not at all inert, but a living entity.”
How and What Does Earth Breathe?
The “breathing of Earth” is the temporal variations of the cosmo-terrestrial field.
“Global” breathing consists of all possible methods of receiving, processing, and obtaining energy from external space through a complex system of grids and chakras of different calibers. “Local” breathing is a measurable change of the width of zones of regular Hartman or Curry grids. [Curry and Hartman grids are electromagnetic grids on Earth. The Hartman grid is approximately 8 inches by 7 feet, and runs north/south and east/west. Curry grids run diagonally to Hartman grids, with about three meters between the lines. Where the two grids intersect, there is evidence of a very strong negative disturbance. Both grids can be distorted by geological fault-lines, underground water, and mining.]
The concept of universal space energy, which a person can use to realize supersensory phenomena, has deep roots in the cultures of all peoples. Sacred Indian and Buddhist texts describe this same ancient space energy, designated as the mystical syllable “oum.” The syllable causes an oscillation in the brain, which enables various chakras to accept space energy.
We call the interaction of this energy with Earth a “cosmo-terrestrial field.” Since we lack standard definitions and units of measurement for a “cosmo-terrestrial field” and “breathing of Earth,” we are limited to qualitative description. Here, we define “cosmo-terrestrial field” as the substance by which the biopower interaction between Space and Earth is determined. The cosmo-terrestrial field is a phenomenon on the boundary between the subtle (not exhibited) world and material (exhibited) world.
This energy can be perceived by highly sensitive people and by specially created equipment. Each contributor gives his own determination of the qualities of the field which he researches.
The cosmo-terrestrial field has many interesting properties: whirlwinding, entering a resonance, distribution practically instantly to vast distances (at least within the limits of the solar system), etc.
By measuring of the width of a Hartman’s zone with the help of a dowsing rod, at the time of the weakest signal from the zone, it appears possible to reveal dynamics of temporal changes in the cosmo-terrestrial field with detail of up to 3–4 measurements per minute.
There are regular and precise variations of the width of light and dark zones within a day. In Figure 1 (in the upper right corner) it can be seen that when one type of zone (light) extends, the other (dark) is contracts, and vice versa. We understand a light zone to be that zone which accepts energy from Space, and a dark zone to be that from which Earth’s energy is expelled.
It is as though Earth breathes—when one zone (in light) is involved a cosmo-terrestrial field, the energy leaves from the other (dark). An inhalation/exhalation cycle takes about 1–1.4 hours.
Earth breathes all at once, and for the most part, only with that part of the surface that is turned to the Sun. Since the surface facing the Sun constantly shifts, we can speak about the “movement” of the breathing of Earth.
Maximum absorption by Earth and its inhabitants of light and space prana happens from approximately one o’clock in the afternoon until five o’clock. Then the local breathing gradually dampens and, somewhere around midnight, Earth begins to rest (see Fig.1). At night, the local breathing of Earth is absent or becomes much weaker.
In the winter, the breathing of Earth is at a minimum and, in the far north, when the Sun hardly rises above the horizon in December, the variations of the cosmo-terrestrial field become very small. As spring approaches, the local breathing of Earth begins to wake up from winter “hibernation” and there are the first rough tags of the future year’s breathing.
Thus, normal local variations of breathing of Earth are determined by the activity of the Sun. They depend on the season of the year, hardly varying with the latitudes of the places of observation.
The cosmo-terrestrial field reacts very sensitively to processes that happen on Earth and in Space. The response to natural processes differs essentially from the response to artificial processes (initiated by people).
The measurement of artificial anomalies of the breathing of Earth by the dowser (Lugovenko) was detrimental to his health on several occasions, which supports the supposition of a negative effect on the biofield of Earth and its inhabitants from active experiments in Space.
Variations in Earth’s Breathing
The oscillation of the breathing of Earth includes periodicity, from several minutes up to one year. The yearly mean average cycles lead us to consider a theory about the evolutionary development of the bioenergetics of our planet during the last decade, which, as is known, has included many extraordinary events that define the transition of Earth from one stage of development to another.
Figure 3 charts the measurements of Earth’s breathing for the date of June 11, 1994, revealing the temporal dynamics of the width of light and dark zones for the first morning inhalation.
Using these sensors, we have derived the average daily activity of Earth’s breathing—the flow of the cosmo-terrestrial field (D, in degrees) in an intersection of light Hartman’s zones.
These data for April 1997, 1998 and 1999 are given in Figure 5. We see in Figure 5 that the average monthly value has decreased from year to year (in 1997, 180 degrees; in 1998, 146 degrees; and in 1999, 128 degrees).
Therefore it is possible that, during 1996–1997, when Comet Hale-Bopp was here, the bioenergy of Earth passed from sharp increase (imbalance) on to gradual stabilization. This correlates with  and corresponds to Armageddon’s description :
“In heat of Armageddon, the inflow of energy from the Space Hierarchy will exceed that received from solar energy: through its ejections of energy in different ranges, everyone will be more and more high-powered.The most noticeable changes in the breathing of Earth were exhibited in the changes of the parameter T (the period of the breathing of Earth).
Before the appearance of Comet Hale-Bopp, the usual period for the breathing of Earth for average latitudes was 30–40 minutes. By the end of March, 1997 it had decreased to about one minute! The value was so slight that it became difficult to measure (see Figure 6, where the main periodicity of breathing of Earth is shown in minutes on the vertical axis, and the calendar days of 1997 and 1998 are along the horizontal axis).
People felt this. In the most intense days (at the close of March, beginning of April, when Comet Hale-Bopp was especially close to Earth and to the Sun) there were many calls for first aid, and many complained of poor health. It became impossible for a dowser to measure the breathing of Earth.
It is interesting that, in the period from November 20 until December 9, the breathing of Earth suddenly slowed, (had “concealed” breathing) and the periodicity of breathing went to about 463 minutes (i.e., 8 hours). In the figure, these points were taken off because of their size.
The reason for this phenomenon is vague to us. But now this is all behind us—Earth breathes equally.
It is also essential to note that the maximum activity of the breathing of Earth occurs when there is a minimum of solar activity.
Conclusion: The key feature of the breathing of Earth in 1991–1999 is connected with the appearance of Comet Hale-Bopp in 1996–1997, when the breathing of Earth was sharply changed. That testifies about a basic modification of the energy of our planet.
Experience observing Shoumaker Levy-9 Comet  allowed us to execute similar measurements for Hyakutake’s Comet (which was discovered by the Japanese astronomer) for two months, until its appearance not far from Earth. On March 25, 1996, the comet approached to a distance 15 million kilometers from Earth.
The measurements of changes of the terrestrial field under the influence of Hyakutake’s Comet were taken in two ways:
The measurement parameters of the cosmo-terrestrial field increased with the approach of the comet and reached a maximum on March 25, gradually decreasing after March 27, and reaching normal significances by the first of April, 1996.
Thus, despite the large distances—more than ten million kilometers—the dowser managed to record rather weak changes in the biopower of our planet that were an outcome of the interaction of the biofield of the living Earth and living comet.
In the town of Troitsk in the Moscow region, observations of Hale-Bopp were made by our group from September, 1996, into 1997. These observations included some methods of evaluation of the cosmo-terrestrial field:
Also, the comet was observed visually from Troitsk when it was close to Earth.
The information about the comet on the internet was observed, from which we found many beautiful color graphs of the comet. And once we were lucky also. We come across the following completely unique information from the astronomer/fan Al Rubin:
I’m an amateur skywatcher who follows the progress of comets by plotting the positions of comets on a sky chart. I’ve done this with four of them so far. I’ve noticed an interesting coincidence that I believe others would appreciate, but I don’t quite know how to reach them. I’m e-mailing you to solicit any suggestions that you may have for disseminating this information, which is that the position of Hale-Bopp on April 9, 1997, was almost exactly the same as that of Hyakutake on April 9, 1996! I just thought it was interesting. Thanks!
The geocentric coordinates of the comets (right ascension and declination) on April 9, 1996, for Comet Hyakutake are 03h 03m 22.2s, + 410 24'50"; and on April 9, 1997, for Comet Hale-Bopp, 02h 52m 54.4s, + 400 32'26".
Therefore, if Comet Hyakutake was a forerunner of information on the transition of Earth from the epoch of Pisces into the epoch of Aquarius, Comet Hale-Bopp has given a high-power impulse—a signal for the transition of Earth to the new vibrations of Aquarius.
The moment of Comet Hale-Bopp’s maximum energy (from the end of March through the beginning of April, 1997) came on the ray from the constellation of Taurus (and 1997 was the year of the Bull—which is also apparently not random), i.e., the impulse is given on the maximum energies of the Bull, which is the most powerful constellation, emanating vibration of a light of the first, most rigid category.
And the main ray from the Taurus constellation goes at a right angle to the constellation Aquarius, i.e., the “modification” of power of Earth was begun under the control of Aquarius’ vibrations.
Therefore, the new epoch—the Aquarian epoch—was essentially begun with the appearance of Comet Hale-Bopp. What took place with the appearance of this comet?
First, the breathing of Earth was infringed. The normal breathing of Earth in the Moscow region had periodicity 30–40 minutes. With the increased influence of the comet, the breathing of Earth became more frequent: the period of the breathing of Earth on the days of maximum influence (when the comet was closest to Earth and Sun during the end of March, beginning of April, 1997) decreased to one minute and was on some days even less than one minute (see Figure 6).
The main power characteristic of the comet (the dependence of the flow D on time in Figure 9) is represented by a schedule with two maximums. This was obtained through regular pendulum measurements of the stream from three phantom models of Comet Hale-Bopp that we used. (It was necessary to use two pendulums of different weights on the three models, since the energy of the comet was very great and “technically” it was impossible to work with only one model.) The first maximum was on March 9, 1997, and the second maximum was smaller—on April 1, 1997 (see Figure 9).
Taking into account that the physical effect of celestial bodies on Comet Hale-Bopp happened, in our evaluation, approximately six days later than the interaction on the subtle plane, it is natural to expect strong effects on Earth objects during the period of minimum distance from Earth on March 17, and minimum distance from the Sun (of the order of an astronomical unit) on March 27.
And it is true that the inhabitants of the town of Troitsk showed that the strongest effect of the comet was rendered during March 17–19 and March 27–28, 1997, when the number of calls for “first aid” increased.
One sensitive who was in Mexico in anticipation of the appearance of Comet Hyakutake experienced two “wave” influences: the first being March 26–29, 1996, and second being in the beginning of April, 1996. This coincided with our own observations the maximum stream of Comet Hyakutake.
It is interesting that the appearance of comets Hyakutake and Hale-Bopp is connected to Venus, from which these bulletins [waves] are probably sent to us Earth-born people via these comets. Just as the Aztecs have merged the image of Venus with their great deity. According to their legends, the main God once left Earth to go to that planet, promising to return again one perfect day.
By the Incas, both the comets and the planet Venus were named as the same word—cheska. It had two meanings: “curly” and “hurry.” And two concurrences:
And one more remarkable concurrence: April 7 is in the middle of the time frame of Taurus (March 19–April 20). This date exactly corresponds on the radio plan to the second maximum of the flow D (power of Comet Hale-Bopp)—allowing an offset of 6 days between the radio effects and the physical effects of the comet, just corresponds to April 7!
Therefore, it is possible to make the following conclusions:
It is so perfect, but it is also inexpressibly difficult ... to enter into resonance with new Aquarian frequencies (with our “fish” customs ... )
Conclusion: Comet Hale-Bopp was the notification of the transition of our planet into the epoch of Aquarius. The vibrations of Earth after an arrival of the comet were displaced into areas of higher major frequencies.
Comparison of the Indications of Sensors for Recording Earth’s Breathing with Other Data
In order to learn about the manifestations of the subtle world (ether or cosmo-terrestrial fields, etc.) it is important that research be based not only on the sensations of dowsers and their methods (dowsing rod, pendulums, etc.), but also that we create and learn to use special equipment that can register these manifestations without the participation of a person.
It is important to have a mutual control (joint registration) of the same phenomena with both instruments and the person (dowser). This is very difficult, since the existing instruments now register only a rather narrow range of the cosmo-terrestrial field, whereas a dowser can be set up on a fixed wave inside of rather broad spectrum of the cosmo-terrestrial field (for example, on a stone, on a plant, on a comet). Recently, we carried out a certain experiment that can be illustrated by two examples.
First, we shall explain that, to investigate Earth’s breathing, we usually install two rotating sensors in intersections of light zones and dark zones, and compare the indications. They mutually supplement one another, and in some cases can be mutually correlated . For example, we have done this analogously with two sensors of gravitational variometers .
We have also registered the breathing of Earth since 1991 with the help of dowsers (usually with a dowsing rod and pendulum), by estimating the diameters of the light and dark Hartman’s zones. Until recently, the direct comparison of these two methods of registering the breathing of Earth (indications of sensors, and dowsers) did not give convincing, precise and visual results. But now we do have such comparisons.
So, on February 13, 1998, we measured the breathing of Earth with the help of circumscribing rotating sensors. One of them—a stone sensor (agate)—was installed in a cross-point of dark Hartman’s zones, and the second—a copper sensor—in a crosspoint of light Hartman’s zones (see Figure 14a).
It should be defined more exactly that in Figure 14a the vertical axis shows the relative values of the stream of the cosmo-terrestrial field, i.e., the turning of the angle of the sensor in degrees, and the horizontal axis shows Moscow time in hours and minutes. In Figure 14b, the values of a half-width of light Hartman’s zone are shown as measured in centimeters by the dowser for the same times (for light zones, a dashed curve; and for dark zones, a continuous curve).
In these two figures, we see clearly that the breathing of Earth was quiet from 14:28 to 15:00 for dark zones—the width of these zones hardly varied. We can see the same effect clearly in Figure 14a (sensor “a”). The sensor was motionless in this time interval. The changing of width of the light zones (see Figure 14b) was rather mobile and this also precisely reflected in the behavior of the sensor “mg” in Figure 14a, which indicated noticeable changes of stream of the cosmo-terrestrial field for a considerable period of time.
It is as if, at the moment of measurements, Nature had purposely arranged to delay the breathing of Earth for dark zones for approximately 40 minutes (such delay—as though Earth becomes transfixed—happens rarely). This is a sharply “revealed” effect of the correlation of two different gauges with two kinds of streams: light (from Space) and dark (from Earth).
A more visual illustration of the interaction of the material and subtle worlds was obtained on October 4, 1997. It was a rather stormy day, and the Sun was mostly obscured by light clouds. But for approximately 20 minutes, the clouds parted and just at this time, the gradient of the breathing of Earth, as measured by the copper sensor in an intersection of light Hartman’s zones, had a significant anomaly (see fig.14c, where the interval “d” corresponds to the time when the Sun appeared from behind the clouds). The anomaly was more than twice the usual level of the gradient cosmo-terrestrial field!
These two examples testify that the measurement of variations of the cosmo-terrestrial field (the breathing of Earth) reflects a real material process happening near Earth and in Space, and that some phenomena of the subtle world can be studied with the help of a comparatively uncomplicated apparatus that closely resembles a normal compass.
The local stability of oscillations of the cosmo-terrestrial field can vary. Any variation of that or other process parameters around which a number and/or the stability of a cycles varies is called a “bifurcational point” and, about a field, it is said that it has “undergone bifurcation.”
Let’s consider an example of a natural bifurcation of the cosmo-terrestrial field (fig.15a), which was accompanied by measurements of atmospheric pressure with the help of a sensitive high-precision microbarograph.
Our observations (see Figure 15a) give the following picture: the first high-powered impulse of the cosmo-terrestrial field was exhibited at 6:30 and then the Hartman’s zones began to extend and connect with high frequency (dark zones are solid lines, light are dashed).
The dynamics began to change: the amplitude of the zones dropped significantly, and the frequency of the phenomenon increased quickly. After 1 hour, the beating of the cosmo-terrestrial field in both dark and light zones had decreased to minimum measurable values (3–4 cm), and the period decreased to about 3–5 minutes.
In the beginning of this process, the period of oscillations had been about 16 minutes, and the amplitude was 740 cm. A “fall” (i.e. minimum significances of width of a zone) was about 10 minutes, and then there was the return process—the frequency connected and extensions of the zones began to decrease and amplitude to grow, so that, in approximately one hour, the cosmo-terrestrial field had returned to normal. The amplitude of the zones had become equal to the night norm, and the period had become close to 25 minutes (i.e., close to norm, was usually about 30–40 minutes on quiet days).
For the first time, we had obtained a very precisely formed and large amplitude “forerunner” (with very big minimum) of a passing unit of structure of the space field of Earth, which is a particular cosmo-terrestrial field.
The main features of this forerunner concern:
Thus, the forerunner of the cosmo-terrestrial field appeared before the interval at 2:34. On Figure 15b, the schedule of pressure variation in millibars was measured in Borok, and was observed at the same time from a point near Rybinsk reservoir, with the bifurcation of cosmo-terrestrial field.
The upper schedule (Figure 15a) corresponds in time to the lower schedule (Figure 15b). From Figure 15a, it is clear that a high-power minimum at 7:30 Moscow time is displaced. Rather, we see “storm” indications from the microbarograph—approximately at five o’clock concerning center of the “storm.” (The “storm” takes a temporal interval from 9:30 to 15:30. Deviation from normal significances of pressure reaches up to 300 microbars from norm).
This event was first exhibited in the subtle world and was fixed by the dowser as a unique “fall” in the cosmo-terrestrial field, and then was exhibited in the rough material world as strong “storm” of atmospheric pressure measured by microbarograph.
Deterioration of meteorological conditions then followed on this day: hail, strong wind, and then the loss of an airplane TU-104 on Russia territory, etc. Therefore, this case can be considered to be a clear manifestation of communication between the phenomenon in the subtle world determined by the dowser, and manifestation of the same event revealed rather reliably with the help of instruments in the material world.
Thus, one more small but important step is made on the path toward dialogue between Person and Space. The three indicated cases of comparisons of instrument measurements and observations of the dowser were by no means casual events. Nature has “slightly” helped us by organizing events so that there was not even a moment of ambiguity about the interpretations of the considered phenomena.
It is a vast responsibility and a large pleasure to participate in the business of firming up the contacts of a person’s soul with the stars! Today, it especially is important, when it is more and more clear that we must create a new world outlook based on a synthesis of science, religion and philosophy out of ancient religious knowledge, the reachings of modern fundamental science, and philosophical opinions .
Conclusions: The revealed correspondence between the information about the breathing of Earth obtained by the dowser and the indications of sensors of a rotating type with other geophysical data give the basis, on the one hand to speak about reliability of this information. And, on the other hand, the complex of such information with data of sensors and other geophysical data enables reliable monitoring of the breathing of Earth on our entire planet and on other celestial bodies.
Monitoring of Earth’s Breathing on the Territory of Russia and Ukraine
For a long time, we have regretted that we could not measure the phenomenon we call breathing of Earth (about which those of antiquity knew well) with the help of equipment.
Actually, more than ten years ago, the first measurements of variations of the cosmo-terrestrial field were executed with the help of a rotating type of sensor by the observer of these phenomena S.S. Solovyev in Yurmala (Latvia). This experience was then used in an institute in Troitsk (Moscow area) by G.A. Timofeev to test for similar measurements with use of two sensors that were placed a small distance apart (2–100m).
This experiment also showed that the registration of variations is possible. The two identical sensors registered practically the same components of variation of the cosmo-terrestrial field. But these experiments remained unnoticed.
At last, however, this measurement was accomplished! An experiment to measure the breathing of Earth was recently carried out in two different Siberian cities using the same type of instruments (rotating sensors).
The appropriate sensors were set up on October 25, 1997, in Novosibirsk (in two different locations, where two different operators observed the instruments) and in Belovo in a house, where one similar sensor was established. The distance between these cities is 300 kilometers. From the outcomes of the measurements, plotted on Figure 16, it is clearly visible that the curves of stream for Novosibirsk give a similar gradient dD to the curve of stream for Belovo, but that there is an offset of 10 minutes between Novosibirsk curves and curve for Belovo.
Therefore, displacing the curve dD for Belovo by 10 min (i.e., if 10 minutes were subtracted from each point of measurement) the curves are practically identical to those measured in Novosibirsk. This shows that all features of breathing of Earth first exhibited themselves and were recorded by the sensor gauge in Belovo, and after 10–12 minutes, the same features of breathing of Earth were exhibited in Novosibirsk.
Thus, for the first time (as far as we know), the breathing of Earth in two different cities is recorded by instruments in Russia. Indeed, this small experiment has great significance, opening a route to regular measurement of breathing of Earth on the whole globe. It is only necessary to create appropriate instruments based on those principles which were used for creation of the sensors described above.
Recently, we executed similar simultaneous measurements of breathing of Earth in two pairs of cities: Troitsk (Moscow area)/Novosibirsk and Kiev/Nalchik (Caucasus).
The measurements were executed at an interval of 10 minutes. The temporal gradient (DD) of the stream is represented on Figure17 for one experiment (Troitsk/Novosibirsk) and on Figure 18 for the other experiment (Kiev/Nalchik).
It is clearly visible that the second and third curves practically coincide. This is certainly not accidental, since Nalchik and Kiev differ in time by approximately that same value (53 minutes). Measurement of the two indicated items was executed with the help of two different sensors (copper in Kiev and immovable in Nalchik).
These three examples allow us to assert that measurements of the breathing of Earth even over large distances (up to three thousand kilometers) during favorable weather conditions register practically identical results, which is influenced mainly by the activity of the Sun.
There is hardly anything more important than scientific acknowledgment of the circumstance that, beyond our actual material world, there is still a subtle world (not exhibited, non-material). By the way, note that there is now much scientific acknowledgment of the existence of the subtle world and religious truths [1–3].
Here it would be necessary to stay on a problem, how the religious holidays may be fixed with the help of of special sensors or other methods.
Dr. Prabakar Poddar (Director of the Institute of Application Geophysics in India) repeatedly specified in his reports that in Pondichery, near Madras, the positive maximas for analogue variation of the cosmo-terrestrial field occur each year on the days that religious holidays are observed:
These facts led our operation in the same direction and here are the first outcomes:
An increased stream of high vibrations connected to religious holidays appears in the parameter To, which represents the attitude of the stream of the cosmo-terrestrial field measured with the help of nephrite sensors, and to the same stream, measured with the help of a copper sensor.
At first, we simply noticed that the parameter To is approximately double on sunny days. And then we conducted special samplings on religious holidays.
The first example was the second day of Easter week on April 12, 1999. On this day in Troitsk (Moscow area), factor K equaled 6.35, when it is usually much lower (for example, for April 19, K = 1.8, for April 13, K = 2.13).
A similar situation developed on April 25, 1999, on an Indian holiday—Easter Puja. April 24 1999 (i.e., on the eve of the holiday) was a sunny day in the Moscow region (in the village of Romanovo in the Narofominsk district of the Moscow region) on which parameter K equaled 3.35. On April 25, 1999, this parameter increased to 11.4! See Figure19, where the schedule of the parameter K for April, 1999, is represented.
The data of P. Poddar as well as our measurements give the basis to assert that during religious holidays the interaction of Earth and Space is amplified many times. Space’s (rather the Sun’s) high-powered “breathing" cleans— “purges”—our planet, trying to clarify and to make more beneficial those streams of subtle vibrations that are used by all people and everything that lives on Earth.
The information stated above gives basis to assert that the phenomenon of breathing of Earth exists, and that its properties are determined by communications between Earth, the Sun, and the cosmos. In total, the following conclusions are obtained from the research on variations of the cosmo-terrestrial field in the period from 1991 to 1999:
Continued research about the breathing of Earth (via its monitoring on the whole planet) will undoubtedly enable us to understand the nature of the main periodicity of this breathing. And it will allow us to better understand the cosmo-terrestrial connection, which will enable people to better understand their divine beginning.
The author has been rendered great assistance in operation by L.P. Conjachenko, L.N. Solodovnikova, G.N. Makarova, A.V. Pchelkin, G.A. Timofeev, E.N. Garanina, T.B. Chislova, B.S. Barulin, L.A. Lutkina, and others. The author is very grateful to them because what is stated here could not have appeared without their work and, above all, their moral support. The author also hopes for further fruitful cooperation.